How to raise laying hens

Raising your own laying hens is the cheapest way to reproduce laying hens.




Alternatively, farmers can buy DOC (Day Old Chicken), which is chickens that are only a few days old. Or, by buying young chickens that are less than one year old.


However, buying DOC is definitely more expensive than hatching eggs. Buying chicks is even more expensive than buying chicks. It all depends on the needs and availability of farmers' funds.


CHOOSE LAYER RACE


Chicken breeds or varieties or nations or families are formed based on general similarities, such as size, shape, profile, and characteristics. Chicken breeds are determined based on the characteristics of the color of their skin.


And races are subdivided into classes with names related to their place of origin, for example Asian, Mediterranean, British and American. Layers, broilers, and dual function chickens are groupings of chicken breeds based on the purpose of their maintenance.


Laying hens have a relatively smaller body size with egg production between 250 to 280 eggs per year. The first egg is produced when the chicken is 5 months old with the best production in the first year of laying eggs. Laying hens will continue to produce eggs until the age of 10-12 years, but production tends to continue to decline.


Leghorn breeds that love to fly and are very noisy are laying hens with white eggs (the best), besides Anconas, California White, and Minorcas. While the production red race is laying hens with the best chocolate texture. This chicken is a hybrid chicken from a cross between a New Hampshire laying hens and a Rhode Islands Red that has produced brown eggs.


CAGE AND MAINTENANCE PHASE


The shape and area of ​​the chicken coop is generally adjusted to the age of the chicken. The heating period or artificial breeding for chicks is sufficient with a floor area whose width can be adjusted to the growth of the chicks.


Enlargement cages, pullet cages (young chickens), and adult chicken cages for production, are usually distinguished to get the best results according to the rearing period. For this purpose, there are post cages, litter cages, and battery cages.


There are cages with postal type or floors with dirt or cement floors with litter on the surface. There is also a stage cage or slat. The ml cage is usually used for the early growth period or the starter period (0-5 weeks) of laying hens.


Meanwhile, during the growth period or the grower period (5-10 weeks) a litter cage can be used. However, it is better to use a battery cage made of wire or bamboo so that the growth of chickens is more evenly distributed.


Battery cages can also be used for laying hens in their growth or development period (10-16 weeks).

During the production period (above 16 weeks) farmers generally use battery cages.


In ml battery cages, one cage contains one chicken, lined up, and separated from other chickens.


Animal welfare observers have protested against the ml rearing method that there is now a way to maintain slings. But the battery cage model as far as ml is still commonly used.


An area of ​​1 hectare or 10,000 square meters ideally accommodates a population of 20,000-25,000 chickens. While the enlargement cage is 40 meters long and 5 meters wide.


The cage does not need to be too wide so that the comfort of the chickens is maintained. The wider the cage, the harder it is for the chickens to get fresh air because of the slow movement or circulation of air.


To keep 1600 quail up to 112 days old, a post type cage with an area of ​​200 square meters (40 m x 5 m) is optimal. As many as 2,500 chickens can be placed in a battery cage of the same size so that it can save about 150 percent of space).


Meanwhile, the density of cages in the starter-developer period used the recommended type of floor litter: 0-7 days old = 40 fish/m2; age 8-14 days = 30 fish/m2; age 15-28 days = 20 fish/m2; age 29-112 days or more = preferably 6-8 birds/m2.

Pullets aged 91-112 han can be moved to the battery laying cage.


1 battery cage can be charged 1 to 2 tails. Generally, 1 battery cage is filled with 1 fish, with productivity 2-6% better than 1 cage containing 2 fish.


With 1 battery cage filled with 1 chicken, the rate of cannibalism that causes death and rejection of chickens can be reduced. Ideally, the battery cage is 120 cm long, 55 cm wide and 27-32 cm high, which can accommodate 6 laying hens.


The battery for the grower period measuring 120 x 35 x 32 cm3 can accommodate 12 chickens.


The battery for the layer period measures Width 120 x (length) 55 x (front height) 32 cm x (back height) 27 cm can fit 6 chickens.

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