How to Take Care of the Right Chicks

The age of chicks under 15 days is quite decisive for further development. Especially if it is associated with the target of raising native chickens as a meat producer.

If so, how do you take care of the right chicks to grow well?

Regulate the heating system and the temperature of the enclosure

Newly hatched chicks (DOC), are very susceptible to changes in room temperature conditions (eg 25°C) that are different from their origin (the mother's body temperature ranges from 36°C-38°C). Chicks need to adapt to a new environment. Therefore, it is important to provide heating with lights or other means in the cage.

This temperature control should be carried out as often as possible, using a thermometer placed in the brooder cage at a height of 20-30 cm above the litter. Or it can also be done by looking at the activity and distribution of chicks, namely whether the chicks will spread evenly in brooding, approach the heater, or even move away from the heater.

Chicken coop (garbage)

Litter is a cage floor mat that serves to accommodate and absorb water from feces, minimize blisters on the chest and legs and keep the brooder cage warm.

Materials that can be used as litter must have good water absorption, not dusty, easy to obtain, and inexpensive. Litter material must be clean from dirt or germs. Therefore, before use, it is necessary to disinfect it using a disinfectant solution.

The density of the chicken coop is an important thing that must be considered. Brooder cages that are too dense will reduce oxygen availability, increase ammonia, affect chicken activity, and increase competition between chickens for oxygen and food. An overcrowded chicken coop will also stimulate cannibalism (chickens pecking at each other).

Feed and vitamins for chicks

Also read: The Negative Impact of Too Crowded Chicken Coops

Give ad libitum rations (if hungry are fed) in a contemplative way, but the way of giving is done little by little with as much frequency as possible. Provide drinking water using clean, fresh, and cold water.

Give vitamins or anti-stress medication dissolved in drinking water when the new DOC arrives, the weather is bad, and 3 days before and 3 days after vaccination. Perform ND vaccination when the chicks are 4 days old by means of eye drops. This brooding period lasts for 2 weeks.

The ration place and the place to drink the chicks can be obtained either from waste/used goods that are easily available such as pieces of the DOC box (carrier box). You can also buy ready-to-use feed containers that are widely sold in poultry stores.

For DOC that just entered the cage, the chicks were given a sugar solution with a concentration of 2%. This is useful for accelerating the chicken to get energy before the digestive organs are fully developed.

In the first week chicks need lighting, both day and night for 24 hours. The existence of lighting will stimulate chickens to always consume rations. Light can also stimulate the thyroid gland to secrete the hormone thyroxine which functions to increase metabolic processes so that it can stimulate the growth of chicks.

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