West Sumatra Traditional House Type

For those of you who like to enjoy Padang cuisine, surely in the restaurant there is a picture of a house with a unique roof shape, which is tapering up on the right and left and curved in the middle.




It is undeniable that the house is one of the primary human needs. Without a home, humans will be cold, hot, and have no shelter. From home, everything begins and ends. The house can describe how the people who live in it. It can even describe the culture of the people who live in the area.


Likewise with the traditional house of West Sumatra. Traditional houses that are often found in Solok, Padang Panjang, Pasaman, and other areas illustrate the unique culture of West Sumatra. Not all areas can be a place to build Minangkabau traditional houses. This is because only areas with the status of a nagari (village or kelurahan) can be used as a place for the establishment of this traditional house.


Functions of West Sumatra Traditional House


So far, what we know as the traditional house of West Sumatra is the Rumah Gadang or Godang. However, several types of West Sumatran traditional houses are known by the general public. The function of the traditional house is for family gatherings, wedding parties, community gatherings, and other gathering activities.


However, like a house in general, the rumah gadang is also used as a residence for large families, especially for women. The proof, the number of rooms available in this room depends on the number of women in the family.


Why is the bedroom in this house adapted to the number of women? Because the only one who can stay at home is with her husband. Unmarried men live in a separate surau from the Gadang house. It is the culture in Minang that can encourage Minang men to migrate.


Married women get a room that their husband can sleep in. The woman who was still a teenager had a shared room at the end of the house. Meanwhile, the children and the old woman got a room located near the kitchen.


bedroom television, the entire interior of the rumah gadang is a loose space. Free space consists of space and lanjar which is marked by the presence of poles arranged in a row from left to right and from front to back.


From left to right the room, while from front to back smooth. The number of rooms must be an odd number between three and eleven. And the number of lanjars that are adjusted to the size of the house.


West Sumatra traditional houses are usually built on land belonging to the local tribal parent family. Uniquely, this house can only be owned and seen from woman to woman in the family.


In addition to the main house, the traditional house of West Sumatra is also accompanied by complementary buildings that have their respective functions. For more details, we will discuss together below, Grameds.


1. Rangkiang


This building usually contains prayers. It is located in the front yard of the Gadang house and is used to store rice as the main ingredient of daily food.


2. Anjuang


This building is located on the right and left wings of the building which functions as a place for the coronation of traditional heads or where the bride and groom are side by side. Therefore, another name for Rumah Gadang is the house of Baanjuang.


3. Surau


In general, the surau is built not far from the traditional house complex of West Sumatra. Surau functions as a house of worship because the culture of West Sumatra is closely related to Islam. Apart from being a place of worship, the surau is also used as a place of education and residence for Minang men who are adults but not yet married.


The Uniqueness of West Sumatra Traditional House


It is undeniable that the traditional house of West Sumatra is very easy to recognize because of its unique and distinctive shape. The tip of the roof tapers like a buffalo horn and curves down in the middle.


The uniqueness of this West Sumatra traditional house, both in terms of architecture, shape, and beauty is interesting to visit. No kidding, traditional houses that exist today are often a destination for domestic and foreign tourists. Not even a few of them are proud to take pictures and then upload them on social media.

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